Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA
Important Findings
Exploration & Excavation
Suggested Topics For Research
 
 
Excavation At Hulaskhers , District Lucknow
Project Director
R. C. Singh, Hemraj, R. Tewari, R.K. Srivastava, Directorate of Archaeology Uttar Pradesh
Collaboration
Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow
Objective
To understand the culture sequence of the site and to make a comparative study of the settlement patterns of the Kushan and Gupta period.
Outcome
The ancient site of Hulaskhera is located near Mohanlalganj. It is easily approachable by a metalled link road connecting village Hulaskhera with the main Lucknow-Rai Bareli road. The site is surrounded by a lake, which secures it from all sides and thus ideally suited for habitation. The excavations have revealed a cultural sequence beginning from the pre-NBPW upto medieval periods. On the basis of comparative considerations the lower limit of its antiquity has been placed around 1000 B.C. A gold plaque bearing an image of Karttikeya, datable to 1st - 2nd centuries BC / AD is a rare find from this site. Now it is kept in the State Museum Lucknow. Apart from that a brick made road of the same period is also a unique find, which was built particularly across the stretch submerged under lake water to connect the eastern site with the main habitation.
Excavation
A Excavations projects:directed and conducted
1
1983-87   Halaskhear,district Lucknow(Protohistoric to medieval period)
Objective
To understand the culture sequence of the site and to make a comparative study of the settlements pattern of the settlement patterns of the Kushan and Gupta Period
Outcome
The ancient site of Hulaskhera is located near Mohanlalganj.It is easily approachable by a metalled link-road connecting village Hulaskhera with the main Lucknow-Rai Bareli road.The site is surrounded by a lake,which secure it from all sides and thus ideally suited for habitation.The excavations have revealed a cultural sequence beginning from the antiquity has been placed around 1000 B.C.A gold plaque bearing an omage of Karttikeya,datable to 1st-2nd centuries BC/AD is a rare find form this site .Now it is kept in the State Museum Lucknow.Apart form that a brick made of the same period is also a unique find,which was built particularly across the strech submerged under lake water to connect the eastern site with the main habitation.
2
1990-91  Sanichara,district Sultanpur (Temple site,early medieval period)
Objective
To expose the plan of the Dilapidated temple and other details embedded in the debris
Outcome
The debris clearance work carried out at this site revealed the elevation of the Jagati Pitha and talachanda Yogana (ground plain) of the temple.Recovery of inscribed stone slabs datable to about 9th century AD and some stone sculptures are the other notable finds.The moulding of the remaining vedibandha are decorated with carved bricks.Afine plaster sti;; intact on some portions-was applied on these moulding.The life sized Saiva image installed in the garbhagra of the temple,image of Surya and Visnu placed on either side of the main deity,and a beautifully carved udumbar (ddor-sill)are the other important antiquarian remains worth seeing.
3
1994-96  Musanagar,district KANPUR dehat (Protohistoric to medieval period)
Objective
To understand the culture sequence and the lower limit of the antiquity of the settlement
Outcome
The excavations have revealed a cultural sequence beginning from the pre-NBPW to medieval periods.On the basis of comparitive considerations the lower limits of its antiquitty has been placed around 1000 B.C.The lower layers contains mostly red ware.Black and red ware,grey ware and black slipped ware and typed potteries were also recovered along with above mentioned red ware.Some potsherds of Painted Grey Ware, dated between 1000 - 500 BC, were marked present in- between the lower layers and those comprising NBPW. The excavations also indicated that this side was most extensively inhabited during the last two centuries before christ. The antiquari an remains found on the surface show that during those day s this place has been a centre of buddhism and saivism. Beautifully decorated moulded terracotta figurines of this period, recovered from this site are veryfine specimens of art and are comparable with those found at Mathura and Kausambi. Some of the selective specimens of these terracottas have been transferred to the state Museum, Lucknow for display.
4
1995-97  Raja Nala - ka - tila, district Sonbhadra (Protohistoric to medieval period)
Objective
To assess the culture sequence of the site in order to procure source materialfor reconstructing the history of a period the pre - historic and pre - Gupta phases.
Outcome
The ancient site of Raja Nala - ka - tila is located on Vindhyan plateau with in a loop like curve of the Karamnasa River. The excavation conducted at this site for two seasons not only achieved the objective, it also rased altogether new archaeological issues. This work revealed iron artefacts in the deposites, radiocarbon dated around BC 1300 BC. Since the earliest dates for the antyquity of iron has been determined to be around 800 BC for the Ganga Valley and north Vindhyas, the Raja Nala - ka - tila find suggested that this may not be in anisolated discovery , rather , more areas in the vicinity may have evidence of use of iron around 1300 BC. Painted black - and - red ware is the characteeristic pottery of this phase. Another importante find is the presence of annona (sarifa), identified by Dr. K.S.Saraswat of the Birbal Sahni Institue for Palaeobotany, in the deposit dated to 700 - 800 BC. In this respect, it is notable that the inhona had been considered to be post - colonial import in India.
5
1998-99  Malhar , district chandauli. (Protohistoric to early historic period)
Objective
Inthe light of the issue arising out of the excavations at Raja Nala - ka - tila, the objective of this work was to assess the antiquity of iron and the earliest settlements in the lower karamnasa Valley.
Outcome
The excavation revealed a four - fold culture sequence placed between the Early Farmining Phase datable between c. BC 2100 to Suga - Kushana period. A surprising discovery was that iron bearing deposits of this site gave radiocarbon date as early as 1800 BC. Numerous iron artefacts , slage , tuyere and furnaces were also uncovered embedded in these deposits these finds corroborated the find at Raja Nala - ka - tila and provided enough evidence to show that the origin of iron may be even earlier than that found at Malhar. These finds have wider implications for future archaeological and related issuses.
6
1999 - 2000 - 2001 Excavationat dadupur , district Lucknow
Objective
The antiquity of the excavated sites, in and around district Lucknow, has been determined around 1000 BC onwards.  On the other hand in western and eastern Uttar Pradesh this limit is around 2000 BC.  It shows that the known antiquity of the beginning of the human habitation in Lucknow region was abour 1000 years later than the above areas.  Logically, however, it should not have been so.  Keeping this in view, We were in search of a site, which may provide a clear picture of the pre-1000 BC settlement in the region and after a detailed re-exploration Dadupur mound appeared most potential in this respect.  Therefore it was selected for excavation with the main objective of  ascertaining the culture sequence and chronology of the site.
Outcome
On the basis of culture material and formation of the layers, exposed in the excavations a tentative three-fold culture sequence has been suggested for this deposit.  Period I is represented by BSW, BRW and associated re, ware, broken kiln burnt bricks and iron artifacts.  Period it is characterized by the presence of PGW in associations of BSW, BRW and Red Ware.  Period III is identified by the presence of NBPW.  On the basis of three radiocarbon dates, Period I is placed between 170 BC and 120 BC.  On the basis of comparative considerations,  Upper age limit for periods II is suggested around 800 BC and Period III has been placed 700 to 300/20 BC.Thus the excavations at Dadupur have conclusively proved that the human settlement at Dadupur was very much in existence around 1700 BC, which is the earliest known date in this respect around Lucknow-Kanpur region.What was not expected and was not included in our objective is the antiquity of iron at this site.  No site in the Ganga valley has been dated earlier thatn 110 BC.  In the light of the evidence of iron in the deposits dated around 170 BC it appears that this process commenced much earlier.
7
Excavation at Kalpi District Jalaun:
Middle Palaeolithic Human Activity and palaeoclimate in Yamuna Valley, Ganga Plain.
Research Aims and Current Results:The field investigations carried out by the team of the Department of Geology, Lucknow Univerisity into the sediments of the Yamuna river-section near Kalpi, had proved that human groups occupied the region around 45,00 years before present.  This team had also observed that the stone and bone implements occur in a definite stratigraphic horizon.  This  artifacts yielding horizon is present in Event it which also produced a variety of vertebrate faunal remains, namely elephant tusk, shoulder blade of elephant, molars of equs, bovids, bos etc.  which seem to suggest a humid climate during deposition of this horizon.Considering the apparent archaeological importance of the above finds Directorate of Archaeology Uttar Pradesh collaborated with Dr. I B Singh and Dr. P C Pant for further investigations.  First of all this team jointly inspected the site and thereafter carried out a detailed study of the artifacts collected from the Kalpi-section.  These studies led to a multidisciplinary project for undertaking archaeological excavations to expose the Kalpi-Section with the objective to corroborate the surface observations and to have a better idea of human activity continuing here for a considerable period of time.  The outcome of the first season’s work has not duly endorsed the earlier surmises it has also opened many new aspects for further fieldwork at and around this site.
Top
Top
 
Designed & Developed by MARG Software Solutions | Contact us | Copyright© 2008. www.uparchaeology.com - all rights reserved.