Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA
Important Findings
Exploration & Excavation
Suggested Topics For Research
 
 
201-204;205-206 Excavations at Lahuradewa, District Sant Kabir Nagar
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201-204;205-206 Excavations at Lahuradewa, District Sant Kabir Nagar
Objective
It is notable that no scientific dates for the antiquity of the earliest human settlements were available for Sarayuipar area and it was surmised mainly on other consideration.Apart from that,due to limited area available at the lower levels because of thick habitation deposits,detalis of this period could not be ascertained.Keeping these facts in view we were in search of a suitable sit.Our main objective were to locate and excavate a site which may reveal evidences to ascertain the perspective of the commencement of early farming in the Sarayupar region,the antiquity of rice cultivating cultures of the region,interaction between these early farming cultures with the contemporary cultures of other areas,time of introduction of wheat and barley,two well known crops of western part of indian Subcontinent,in Sarayupar area,and to understand the habitat of early settlers of the region.
Outcome
After a thorough examination of the ancient sites of the region,Lahuradewa mound appeared most ideal in this regard.Its archaeological significance was well assessed regarding the further investigations from time to time.A five year old tentative culture sequence may be suggested for the habitation deposits revealed in the excavations.
Period V Early Historic (Earlycenturies BC/AD)
Period IV NBPW Phase
Period III Advanced Farming Early Iron Phase
Period II Developed Farming Phase
Period I Early Farming Phase
The outcome of excavations ahs marked Lahuradewa as the most significant archaeological site of the Central Ganga Plain.The site is ideally located,surrounded by water bodies.Therefore it seems reasonable to infer that the availability of water bodies.Therefore it seems reasonable to infer that the availability of water and well-suited soil conditions would have been determining factors for the locations.The available evidences at this site have shaped our interpretations about early innovations associated with the ceramic types and other artefacts,and also for cereal domestications and some sort of cultivations at quite an early date.Appearance of morphologically distinct form of rice,comparable to cultivated Oryza sativa.from the deposits dated to mid 7th millennium BC on the basis of radiocarbon dates,is noteworthy for deciphering an early beginning of agriculture.There is a strong possibility that people have been living in Ganga Plain since late Palaeolitic and interacted with the communities living in the Vindhyas,Himalayas and other areas.
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Excavation project carried under general direction
1
1997-98
Nai Dih,district Sonbhadra (Protohistoric to Medieval Period),trail digging
Excavated with an objective to have an idea about the pre-NBPW settlements and to compare their antiquarian remains with those of Raja Nal-Ka-tila in the same district,did not reveal the expected results.
2
1997-98
Bhagwas,district Sonbhadra (Protohistoric to medeival period)section scrapping
 
Excavated with an objective to have an idea about the pre-NBPW settlements and to compare their antiquarian remains with those of Raja Nal-Ka-tila in the same district,did not reveal the expected results.
3
1997-98 Rajdhani tila,district Maharajganj (Protohistoric to medieval period),tral digging
Since the site is traditionally associated with buddha,the objective of this excavations was to fix the antiquity of the site in order to further investigations.The radiocarbon dates for the lower levels are awaited.
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