Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA
Important Findings
Exploration & Excavation
Suggested Topics For Research
 
 
Doob Kshetra Sarvekshan Project
Project Director
R.C. Singh, U.P. State Archaeological Organisation
Objective
The objective of this project was to identify and make a list of antiquarian remains, located in the Bhagirathi and Bhilangana valleys, in order to salavage them from the area to be submerged under the Tihri dam. The exploration and documentation work was undertaken in the session 1978-79. Numerous archaeological sites, monuments and remains had been located and listed during the course of this work. A stone temple of Nagara style comprising rekha sikhara along with several Vaisnava and Saiva sculptures of village Malideval (district Tehri), a few stone built kota, architectural remains cosisting of decorated pillars, chandrasala, doorfarmes etc. of early medieval temples from Badethi and Dharasu (district Uttarkashi) and beautiful stone images of Indrani, Agni, Chamunda etc. of the same period from Dharasu are the other notable finds.
Publication
A folder was published about the outcome of the survey by the Department.
A summary report appeared in the respective IAR.
A paper entitled 'Archaeological Expedition on Tehri Dam and Environs', contributed by Singh, P.K and B.P. Badoni has appeared in Journal of Himalayan Studies and Regional Development, Vol. 13-14, 1989-90, pp. 97-101.
Publication
Ancient pilgrimage route 'Bhilangana-Kedar (1980-81):Uttarakhand
This was a small project,carried out with the limited objective of determining the antiquity of pilgrimages on this route.The earliest finding of pilgrimage on this route was revealed form a famous tirtha-Triyugi Narayana-located near the kedarnatha in the form of a stone image of Vishnu bearing an inscription of gupta Period.This evidence shows that this route had been used since 1500 years form the present.
Panca Kedar Yatra Marga exploration (1980-81):Uttarakhand
  This Project was carried out with the objective of determining the antiquity of pilgrimage on this route.The antiquarian remains located on this route included a Gupta inscription at Anasuya devi,pillar inscription at Gopesvara,several stone temples comprising of latina,pidha and valabhi type of sikharas,besides numerous stone images datable between 7th-13th century,which shows that the pilgrimage on this route were being undertaken from at least 1500 years BP if not earlier.
Pauri-Deoprayag pilgrimage route exploration(1989-90-91):Uttarakhand
  The exploration revealed that the route was prevelant at least form the Gupta period,which evidenced by some pilgrim records inscribed at Devaprayag.However,the lower antiquity of other remains located during the course of exploration does not go back before the early medieval period.
Ami River Valley exploration (1990-91-92-93):Uttar Pradesh
  The main objective of this exploration was to locate the archaeological sites,along the Ami River in districts Siddharthnagar,Basti and Gorakhpur and to assess the settlements of the Pre-Buddhist period (pre 600-700 BC) in the context of earlier works conducetd at Sohgaura,Imlidih Khurd,etc.During the course of explorations carried out in this valley several pre-NBPW sites were identified,however none of them turned out to be as early as Sohgaura.
Exploration around Musanagar, District Kanpur Dehat
  The main objective of this exploration was to locate the archaeological sites,along the Ami River in districts Siddharthnagar,Basti and Gorakhpur and to assess the settlements of the Pre-Buddhist period (pre 600-700 BC) in the context of earlier works conducetd at Sohgaura,Imlidih Khurd,etc.During the course of explorations carried out in this valley several pre-NBPW sites were identified,however none of them turned out to be as early as Sohgaura.
Mansarovar route,district Pithoragarh (1993-94 onwards) : Uttarakhand
 
This project was undertaken to assess the antiquity of the ancient Mansarover pilgrimage route.Numerous archaeological sites comprising stone temples,broken architectural pieces and stone sculptures came to light during the course of explorations.A stone image of vishnudated to Gupta period,installed in a small stone temple at Nakulesvara Mahadeva located near district headquarters of pithoragarh,is the earliest known Mahadeva located near district headquarters of Pithoragarh,is the earliest known archaeological remain of this area,which indicates that perhaps it marks the lower limit of this route.On stylistic considerations other remains have been placed between 8th-10th century A.D.On this basis it may be surmised that this rpute was in greater use during this period.

Exploration in district Chandauli (1999-2000) :Uttar Pradesh

 
The objective of this period are to review the antiquity of the previously reported sites in the light of the results of the Malhar excavation which has revealed a habitation deposit of about 2200 BC and evidence for iron smelting dating back to about 1800 B.C;to locate ancient sites which may have similarities with Malhar;to have an idea of the present condition of the previously reported sites,and to locate and report the left out sites of the area The outcome of the exploration shows that the southern part of Chandauli district comprising Vindhyan plateau was inhabited by the Epi-Palaeolitic people.chalcolithic and early Iron Age human activities were confined to the river banks in the plain area plateau area.Evidence for smelting of iron has been found at a site called Phakkada Babalocated within the Moosakhand dam.An extensive site extending over an area of about one Km was located a Naugarh on the left bank of Karamnasa River is notable for comprising hundreds of heaps of iron slags,which often show plans of damaged earthern furnaces.The presence of black slipped ware and NBPW in association of iron slg indicates its early antiquity around BC 700. .
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