Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA Directorate of Archaeology ( Uttar Pradesh ) INDIA
Important Findings
Exploration & Excavation
Suggested Topics For Research
Protected Sites
Humayu's Tomb
Humayun's Tomb was built by his senior widow, Haji Begum, and mother of his son Akbar. Haji Begum built the rose petal sandstone mausoleum in proper Mughal style, supervising the entire construction (1564-73) by camping on the site. The Taj Mahal, built much later, follows a similar style of architecture. Octagonal in shape, raised on a plinth, with double domes, high arches, laid in the centre of a large walled enclosure, the monument is an imposing structure. A baradari (pavillion) occupies the centre of the eastern wall and a hammam (bath chamber) the centre of the northern wall. The garden at this tomb has been laid out in the Persian style of a Chahr Bagh, with paved stone avenues and narrow water channels. It is still maintained in its original grandeur
Among the earliest monuments of ancient India that have survived are the Buddhist stupas of Sanchi, situated on a hilltop less than 50 km away from Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh. They are a World Heritage Site. The most famous stupa is encircled by a railing cut by four exquisitely carved gateways facing the four directions of the compass. The carvings show a world where people and animals live together in happiness and plenty. Female tree spirits, symbols of fertility, were used as welcoming figures on the gateways. Lotus flowers were both a beautiful decoration and a religious symbol. The Buddha himself is depicted by symbols, such as the wheel, which represents his teaching, or by footprints or an empty throne. The Buddha is probably not shown because he asked his followers not to make images of him.
Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary
Bharatpur is famous for the nearby Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary, declared a World Heritage Site, and one of the finest bird sanctuaries in the world. The sanctuary is a lake system crisscrossed with cycle paths, dirt tracks and interspersed with patches of dry land which are host to sambar, nilgai, wild pig, chital, pythons and a variety of birds. Waterbirds, however, are what Bharatpur is famous for. There are painted storks, spoonbills, egrets, ibis and herons. Close on the heels of the nesting season come migratory birds such as duck and geese and the rare Siberian crane. You can explore the sanctuary on foot or by cycle or cycle-rickshaw.
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